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Solved by verified expert :From low- to- high-latitudes there is a total of __________ pressure belt systems on earth at any given time throughout the year.Question 1 options:a)5b)4c)6d)7SaveQuestion 2(1 point)In general, the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) ______.Question 2 options:a)Migrates further north and further south over the Pacific Ocean than over the other oceansb)Migrates both further north and further south over the Indian Ocean than over the other oceansc)Migrates further north and south equally over all oceansd)Migrates further north and south over the Atlantic Ocean than over the other oceansSaveQuestion 3(1 point)In a Hadley cell, sinking air takes place around:Question 3 options:a)the equatorial latitudesb)the subtropical latitudesc)the tropical latitudesd)the mid-latitude latitudesSaveQuestion 4(1 point)In the Northern Hemisphere, subtropical winds that are flowing north:Question 4 options:a)Are deflected by the Coriolis force towards the NEb)None of the alternatives givenc)Continue north without deflectiond)Are deflected by the Coriolis force towards the SESaveQuestion 5(1 point)Heat is released to the environment when water vapor is converted into droplets. This process is called:Question 5 options:a)Sublimationb)Evaporationc)Condensationd)EvapotranspirationSaveQuestion 6(1 point)When water freezes, heat is____________.Question 6 options:a)Meltedb)Sublimedc)Absorbedd)ReleasedSaveQuestion 7(1 point)The temperature at which air must be cooled to reach saturation is called:Question 7 options:a)wet bulb temperatureb)condensation pointc)the dew pointd)equilibrium temperatureSaveQuestion 8(1 point)The rate of evaporation depends on:Question 8 options:a)all of the alternatives givenb)wind speedc)temperatured)specific humidity of the airSaveQuestion 9(1 point)Let’s imagine that in a panel in figure #1 PGF, Coriolis and Friction forces were actively affecting winds. By default then, we can deduct that these are _______ winds that _________isobars as they ___________ pressure center. This specifically refers to the panel _______.Question 9 options:a)Surface/ cross/ move towards the low/ on the left sideb)Upper Atmospheric/ cross/ move towards the low/ on the left sidec)Upper Atmospheric/ stay parallels to the / move towards the high/ on the left sided)Surface/ stay parallels to the/ stay at the same distance from the low/ on the left sideSaveQuestion 10(1 point)In all three panels in figure #1, and when in balance, PGF and Coriolis together result in the so-called __________ winds. These are _________ winds that move ______________ as shown in the panel of the _______.Question 10 options:a)Geostrophic/ lower/ clockwise/ counterclockwise/ centerb)Geostrophic/ upper/ counterclockwise/ rightc)Katabatic/ lower/ clockwise/ centerd)Katabatic/ upper/ counterclockwise/ leftSaveQuestion 11(1 point)If in the figure #1 the pressure gradient force (PGF) was the only force affecting winds, winds would move ___________ the pressure center in the _____________ panel.Question 11 options:a)towards/ leftb)away from/ leftc)towards/ rightd)towards/ centralSaveQuestion 12(1 point)Cyclones, or low-pressure systems, in the Southern Hemisphere are_________ systems that have __________ (in, opposite in the N. Hemisphere) flow toward a _________ center.Question 12 options:a)only severe-weather/ clockwise/ low-pressure.b)any/ counterclockwise/ low pressure/ converging.c)any/ clockwise/ low-pressure.d)only severe-weather/ counterclockwise/ low-pressure.SaveQuestion 13(1 point)The difference in ocean/land fraction between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres are ___________, thus the expected pressure gradients patterns at large spatial scales (and resulting winds) should be __________ among both hemispheres.Question 13 options:a)Almost the same/ differentb)Massively different/ differentc)Massively different/ almost the samed)Almost the same/ almost the sameSaveQuestion 14(1 point)Based upon current scientific research (see here: http://climate.nasa.gov/news/2440/expanding-tropics-are-pushing-high-altitude-clouds-towards-poles/), it appears that high altitude clouds in the mid-latitudes are shifting toward the poles due to the fact that:Question 14 options:a)All of the given alternativesb)The tropics are expanding towards the polesc)The Hadley Cell is expanding towards the polesd)Climate change is behind the expansion of the Hadley CellSaveQuestion 15(1 point)In the northern hemisphere, and from mid latitudes (i.e. ~40-50 degrees N and S) to low latitudes (i.e the equator), we can observe hemispheric-scale latitudinal bands, where specific processes dominate. To a great extent, ______ dominates at mid latitudes, _______ dominates at sub-tropical latitudes (~20-30 degrees N and S), and _________ dominates at equatorial latitudes. Relatively similar hemispheric-scale patterns are observed in the southern hemisphere.Question 15 options:a)Evaporation/ Precipitation/ Evaporationb)Evaporation/ Precipitation/ Precipitationc)Precipitation/ Evaporation/ Precipitationd)Evaporation/ Evaporation/ PrecipitationSaveQuestion 16(1 point)If Santa Claus was going to bring Christmas gifts to the kids that live in the Galapagos Island (off the Pacific coast of Ecuador), he would experience the Coriolis effect as he flights from the North Pole to the island. In order to actually hit the island, he would need to make sure his reindeers aim to _______ of the island.Question 16 options:a)northb)westc)southd)east